“…O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand / Between their lov’d home and the war’s desolution! / Blest with vict’ry and peace may the heav’n rescued land / Praise the power that hath made and preserv’d us a nation!…” Francis Scott Key, 1814.
With the arrival of the British expeditionary forces landing at Benedict, Maryland on August 19, 1814, Major General Samuel Smith and Major George Armistead, commanding Fort McHenry began to assemble those militia and federal forces for the defense of Fort McHenry. The following are those companies and officers that defended Fort McHenry during the bombardment of September 13-14, 1814.
U.S. Garrison of Fort McHenry
Capt. Frederick Evans – U.S. Corps of Artillery (60)
Capt. Matthew S. Bunbury, U.S. Sea Fencibles (60)
Capt. William H. Addison, U.S. Sea Fencibles (50)
Maryland Militia, 1st Regiment of Artillery
Capt. John Berry, Washington Artillery, (100)
Lt. Commander Charles Pennington, Baltimore Independent Artillery (75).
Capt. Joseph H. Nicholson, Baltimore Fencibles, U.S. Volunteers (75)
Lt. Colonel William Steuart, 38th U.S. Infantry
Capt. Joseph Hook, 36th U.S. Infantry (125)
Capt. William Rogers, 36th U.S. Infantry (130)
Capt. Sheppard Church Leakin, 38th U.S.Infantry (?)
Capt. Joseph H. Hook, 38th U.S. Infantry (100)
Capt. John Buck, 38th U.S. Infantry (100)
Capt. Thomas Sangsten, 14th U.S. Infantry (100)
U.S. Chesapeake Flotilla
Sailing Master Solomon Rodman, (60)
Sources: “Report of Fort McHenry, September 13 & 14, 1814 in the Bombardment” Captain Thomas Sangsten, February 22, 1815; Major Armistead to Acting Secretary of War, James Monroe, September 24, 1814. “Letters Received, Secretary of War John Armstrong,” September 24, 1814.